Statue & Scuplture Restoration
Conrad Schmitt Studios creates inspiring statuary and sculpture restoration in a variety of media and styles.
From the initial design concept to the dedication of the completed piece, the Studio’s talented design team can assist you in visualizing your art piece through sketches and full-size models and guide your committee through the entire process.
Because of their unified artistic approach to environments, Conrad Schmitt Studios’ designers are uniquely qualified to create artwork that is not only meaningful, but also coordinates with its surroundings in style, color, placement and scale. Statuary, sculpture and other art in architectural settings add visual interest and meaning to buildings and landscapes.
Other three-dimensional designs produced by the Studio include custom furnishings and fitments, as well as custom replications of historic light fixtures. For new sculpture and statuary, the Studio’s experienced team works with the client to research and identify appropriate, uplifting artistic themes. Through sketches and models, they assist in visualizing the artwork in its intended environment.
Bronze Sculpture Restoration
Statues can be designed to be wall-mounted or freestanding and pedestals can be created in any size or style. Bronze statuary, ideal for outdoor installations, is designed by the Studio and usually cast in Europe via the traditional lost wax method. Various patinas can produce different effects and coloration for bronze artwork. Wooden sculpture lends itself to expressive and allegorical subjects, such as life or community stories.
Architectural Sculpture Restoration & Conservation
Over the years, our Studio has cultivated an expertise in restoring statuary. We are particularly proud of the restoration of the wood carved Stations of the Cross from the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in Savannah, Georgia.
These statues, most recently painted in monochromatic tones, had been painted four times, all in various styles. Artists began by stripping and smoothing unstable paint surfaces. Missing fingers were then carved and securely affixed, wood cracks were filled, and the original skim coating of plaster over the wood was repaired. The statues then were painted with sealer, followed by the polychromatic painting, which produced colorful garments and realistic skin tones. Layers of glazes were then added to give depth to the sculpting, bring out the detail, and seal the new paint. Lastly, missing elements such as a leather whip were recreated.
The project’s success was emphasized when a priest visiting the studio exclaimed that they were the most fantastic Stations of the Cross he had ever seen.
Though the Stations of the Cross may be the most fundamental statuary in a church, other beautiful pieces must not be forgotten. We have been privileged to work with other pieces so beautiful that the sight almost seems a glimpse of heaven. Our restoration of four, 48″ high angel statues for St. Michael the Archangel Catholic Church in Convent, Louisiana is an example.
The angel’s finishes had deteriorated and they had suffered significant plaster damage which included missing hands and feet. The extensive plaster repair included molding and attaching the missing parts. New plaster areas were primed. Fragile paint surfaces were stabilized. A barrier varnish was applied to the statues, followed by the polychromatic painting, which restored soft, realistic color and luminous skin tones. Layers of glazes were added to give depth to the sculpting, bring out detail and protect the new paint.
Restoration of the angels was executed during the time when Hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans. The restored angels became an inspiration not only for St. Michael the Archangel Parish, but also for the hurricane evacuees taking refuge in Convent, Louisiana.
A timeless beauty, wood statuary has held its place as décor in churches through the centuries, becoming even more precious, defined, and valued with age. Whether the piece is left in its natural form, or whether it is colored with painting oils, a wood sculpted piece brings a warm, historical element to the space it occupies.
Bronze castings are one of the most durable art forms in existence. Used for both art and weapons, bronze artifacts created more than four thousand years ago are still found in museums around the world.
The first step of creating bronze statuary or sculpture begins with a sketch. The artist then creates an original sculpture of wax or clay. Then a flexible mold is made from the artist’s original. This mold captures every detail of the artist’s original work, and is one of the most critical phases in the bronze process.
The mold is then used to form a wax figure. Molten wax is poured into the rubber mold, producing a perfect copy of the original sculpture. The wax is then coated with a liquid refractory ceramic. Several layers are applied, creating a stable mold, which is allowed to cure for several days. The piece, now coated in ceramic shell, is fired in a kiln. This bakes the shell and eliminates the wax, leaving a cavity in its place. Thus the term “lost wax.”
The ceramic shell is removed from the kiln and molten bronze is immediately poured into the form. The bronze is poured at a temperature of 2100° Fahrenheit. Bronze is an alloy of 95% copper, .02% lead, .02% tin, .06% zinc, 4% silicon.
After cooling for several hours, an artisan sands and polishes the sculpture and the bronze is treated with chemicals and heat to provide the desired color. The patina is sealed under a wax coating and becomes a permanent part of the sculpture.
Artists then treat pieces that will be used outdoors with bronze, silver, marble, or aluminum finish to help it withstand its exposure to harsh elements, such as snow, rain, hail, and seasonal changes that result in freezing and warming. Indoor or sheltered artwork may be decorated with oil colors to give the piece a more traditional look.
Marble Statue Repair & Cleaning
Marble is formed when the limestone is transformed by heat and pressure after being overlain by other materials. Its surface is slightly translucent, which allows artists to fashion abstract shapes with great depth and complexity, or to detail the most realistic sculptures with the material’s softness and depth.
Artists create sculptures and statuary using a very similar method to that used in the 1500s. The artist uses a hammer, mallet, chisel, and sometimes even a hand drill. The hammer is used first, on rough stone. When the hammer strikes the end of the chisel, energy is transferred in a line down the contour in the form of a break. The harder the hit, the deeper the point moves into the stone, and the more material is removed at a time. Then the marble is hit directly to bring about finer detail with a mallet and chisel. The sculpture is finished with special pointing tools and files, such as rasps, abrasive stones, or sand paper to smooth the surface contours. Following the sandpaper, tin oxide is used to create a high-luster polish on marble.
As marble ages, it becomes more durable, though compared to bronze, marble lacks ductility and strength, requiring more planning before sculpting. Marble also has a tendency to absorb skin oils, which can lead to staining. Marble is best kept indoors, as it can be altered by acids in rain.
Altars and Fitments
Conrad Schmitt Studios has been designing altars, ambos, chairs, baptismal fonts, ambries and pulpits for over 120 years. Our historic resources offer thousands of examples to compliment interiors as well as more modern architecture. While the altar of sacrifice remains the most prominent and important permanent structure within the church, the other fitments must harmonize and balance to create a unified space.
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